The Crucible – Arthur Miller

The play “The Crucible” was written by Arthur Miller, which is a study of mass hysteria, the play is not written as a conventional tragedy but it based on a real life story which is adapted. Miller writes this play as a type of nemesis showing the problem going out of hand. Miller had written this play on personal influences that effected his life. Miller believed that “tragedy” was not confined to the rich and important, but that the story of an ordinary man’s failure was just as moving and horrendous. Every tragedy consists of a hero with a fatal flaw.

Proctor in this play shows how one man’s name meant to him. Miller considered name was very important. Miller who was summoned for “The McCarthy Witch trails,” which took place in the 1950s found himself just like Proctor under pressure as he witnessed a similar trail, as the one’s he wrote about in “The Crucible” where the Committee in charge asked witnesses to name names. This incident was used in the play and was taken from experiences which effected his life. In the autobiography Miller tells us that he has known about witchcraft, since his college days.

The play was written from experiences like these, which regulated Miller to write the Crucible. Miller’s play evokes the audience to feel what the Characters feel this makes us empathise with both Elizabeth and Proctor, so if either Character became physically or mentally hurt the audience would feel it as well. Miller also sets this up to create tragedy later on in the play. Miller exercises sympathy throughout the play. He uses sympathy on different people, which can have different effects on different people. For parents he uses the aspect of an unborn child: “The child,” “There is no word of the boy?

” This produces sympathy, and draws the audience to support Proctor and his wife Elizabeth. This would help to create a tragic climax, as the audience would not want anything to happen to either Elizabeth or Proctor. At the beginning of Act four Proctor and Elizabeth meet for the last time. Miller applies certain stage directions to help describe what the character is feeling: “Proctor is silent, staring at Elizabeth” Miller uses stage directions to create tension and sympathy, this also can lead to a tragic end and create an immense amount of tension if character is hurt or dies.

Proctor is incriminated many times throughout this play. Elizabeth tries to comfort Proctors anguish by taking half the blame on herself. In Act four Proctor demonstrates his love for Elizabeth by kissing her, earlier on in the play she only receives her kiss, but this time Elizabeth kisses him back with passion. Miller tries to make the audience sympathise with both Proctor and Elizabeth in a further attempt to create tension and climax. Miller introduces Metaphors in his play such as: “Number- a thread to weave into his agony. ”

This is trying to demonstrate, in my opinion that a thread is a another annoyance which is making Proctor angry, and creating tension between characters. In the scene Elizabeth enounces how she cannot judge her Husband. “I cannot judge you, John. ” This line is very important as it makes you think in two aspects is Proctor going to confess to witchcraft or is he going to state the truth. This creates tension, as you never know which way Proctor could turn to. This technique is preserved as Elizabeth continues to say it. “As you will have it. (Slight pause) I want you living John.

That’s sure. ” Again Miller uses the same manoeuvres as he gives a 2-way reply. The first part supports Proctor on his choice, the second is a little selfish as Elizabeth pleads Proctor to confess and save his life. This creates tension because we do not know what Proctor is going to choose. In Act four Proctor asks if any other people such as Giles’ wife had confessed? “Giles’ wife? Have she confessed? ” This shows that Proctor is not sure, if he ought to confess or not. He asks Elizabeth, hopefully that Giles’ wife confessed so it would make him feel better this shows weakness in Proctor.

Unfortunately Giles’ wife did not plead witchcraft which did not help Proctor to confess, because the others didn’t plead either. This leads us only one way, to death by hanging. This creates a lot of tension; and the end would be very climatic, as we would not know which way to turn. Miller produces Similes in his play. “I cannot mount the gibbet like a saint. ” Miller uses imagery in his piece and creates a image for the audience. Similes are used in the play to describe Proctors feelings and actions.

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