Human cadaver is a body of a dead person which is donated to science at death; this is of course with the consent of the dead person prior to his death, or with the permission of the family members of the dead person. This great contribution of human remains to science is considered a best gift of mankind into the continuous development of medical science. Cadaver research contributes to the discovery of new advanced medicine for various serious diseases. The demand for research cadavers is remained strong in the society today.
Real life situation: When one of my relative was diagnosed with Stage 4 esophageal cancer at the age of 51, he was not given many options for treatment and the prognosis was not good. He decided that because he had been healthy throughout his life, until this diagnosis that he wanted to help others benefit from anything that could be learnt from donating his body to science. Because the cancer had been so aggressive and was taking his life so quickly, he was glad to have time to make this decision of donating his body and die knowing that he could possibly be benefiting mankind through his death. And this is how we extracted our knowledge issue. Knowledge Issue: To what extent is the use of a dead body ethical?
We are going to use science and religion as our areas of knowledge to discuss this issue through the ways of knowing, which are emotion, reason and perception. Before we go into this, we’re going to dissect the question. What is ethics? Before i explain what ethic is, i want to talk about morals first because of the close relation between them. What are morals? Morals are about right and wrong. The idea of morality is hard to define because it is a very basic idea. Even “morality is about right and wrong” is misleading because it isn’t about getting the answer to 2+2 right or wrong. In fact we mean “morally right” and “morally” wrong. We might say that it is really about good vs evil, but good and evil are hard to define as well. Good can seem to be about things other than morals. for example “chocolate tastes good” does not mean that the taste of chocolate is similar to giving money to charity. When we say “good” in this other sense we mean “morally good”.
As soon as we step back from doing what is right or wrong and consider what we mean by that and how we might make such decisions we are into the world of ethics. So, back to the question what is ethics? Ethics are about morality. A code of ethics, for example, is a set of rules to help a person (or an organisation) what the morally right thing to do is. Ethics is a bigger subject than morality because it has to consider more issues not just what is right and wrong but what those words mean and what factor need to be considered in deciding what is right or wrong.
In this case, is it ethical to use a dead human body? On the topic of Religion how do we know if it’s ethical We are going to talk about the point of view of egyptians, catholics and jehovah’s witnesses. Egyptians believe in multiple Gods, and the mummification of bodies are the ritual into the afterlife with those Gods. Catholics believe in God, and that God is all knowing, omniscient, all powerful, omnipotent and all good, omnibenevolent. Jehovah’s Witnesses believe in the Old Testament of the Bible, For religion through emotion: Yes- The egyptians believe that the person who dies will have a better sense of mind if they believe that there is an afterlife with the Gods, so they reasoned that a person would need his body with him. They therefore developed a method of preserving, or embalming, bodies to make mummies. The dead person’s brains and the rest of his body organs were sealed in separate jars and placed in the same tomb, along with many objects that person had used in his daily life, for the Egyptians believed that these objects would be needed in the next world.
No- Catholics believe that God should have control over the body as it falls under his divine plan. The person who is willing donate their body will be putting their body in control of another person, and since that person is imitating God, the person will feel as if they are putting other God’s before Him, which is a great sin against the ten commandments BUT for Religion through perception: Yes- Egyptians think that it’s an honour to be sent into the afterlife…
No- But catholics think that you should remain in your natural states for the judgement day. There are the Jehovah’s Witnesses, the one prominent American faith that prohibits transplantation. Technically, what this faith opposes is any movement of blood from one person to another: Jehovah’s Witnesses cannot donate or receive organs, since there is blood in the organ itself, and transfusions are almost always required during transplants. The denomination revokes the membership of anyone who participates in a transfusion even if to save a life.
On the topic of Science: How do we know it’s ethical? In general, five or more medical students share a single cadaver, which they study over the course of several weeks in the first year of medical school. Unfortunately, the shortage of donated bodies prevents the level of in-depth study that would be possible if fewer students could be assigned to each cadaver.
The use for donated bodies is medical research. Through whole body donation, researchers have gained insight into early diagnosis of diseases such as cancer. They have also invented new surgical techniques, perfected existing ones, and learned about the pathophysiology of conditions like Alzheimer’s disease. Medical students who dissected a body in the course of their study typically attend a memorial service held in honor of the men and women who donated their bodies.